Giuseppe Ungaretti was one of the most famous poet, who left an indelible sign in the literary field. He was born in Alexandria of Egypt even if his family was from Lucca (Tuscany, Italy) he came back to Italy for a short period to study Law.
Ungaretti wrote his first poems in 1914 when he was soldiers on the Austrian border ; the first collection “Il porto sepolto" (The burried harbour) was written in 1916. The second collection “Allegria di naufragi" (The joy of shipwreck) was written in 1919. Both the collections were joined in the only poem : “L'Allegria". This poem - brief fragments written in language purged of traditional ornament, in which each word is charged with its original power and intensity - crystallized the revolution begun in Italian poetry by the Futurists and the Vociani (contributors to the periodical La Voce, a literary magazine written and published in Florence ), and placed hin in the forfront of the “hermetic" movement. “Sentimento del tempo" (Time feeling), published in 1933, represents the second period of Ungaretti where he discovers an absolute time and he thinks of the destiny of the man in his relationship with the eternal Life.
The collection “Il Dolore"(The Sorrow), published in 1947, is dedicated to his son's death and in the same time the poet reflects on the tragedy of the World War II . In this poem, Ungaretti examines in deepth the mistery of God-man that is Christ embodied in the Christian tradition.